how to use future tense in modern greek

The 5 Best From The Blog For 2018

Writing on a blog means reaching out, sharing with a community the same love, the same μεράκι.

It’s not about keeping all that you know for yourself; on the contrary, it’s about sharing it freely with the people who know the same love, who get the passion for all the beautiful things a language and a culture represent.

So, for one more year, I feel grateful and happy for being able to share with you this blog.

Below, you’ll find the 5 most loved articles of 2018.

These are articles about expressions and everyday phrases, about finding smart ways to focus and improve your speaking, about common grammar errors you might be making as you speak, while the conversation keeps going.

This list couldn’t include some newer articles that didn’t have the chance to be read as much. You might also find you have a different preference.

But I think this “tradition” is a nice way to remember some of the more “technical” aspects of language (such as the ever confusing Simple and Future tenses, most particularly, the Future Tense) or to find new inspiration and smart ways to spruce up your speaking with the use of a very simple tool you already have with you.

Let’s add some suspense and start the other way round, with the number 5:

#5

A New Route To Speaking Better Greek: 5 Simple And Steady Steps

This article is not about more course books. Or more activities.

If you crave to communicate with locals and feel good about it - but you often stumble after every other word, then keep reading.

You wouldn’t find the “fast, fun and easy” magic recipe for that in this article.

When I wrote it, I was simply eager to share with you an extremely simple way to start speaking, get feedback (even when you learn on your own!) and learn all this new vocabulary to use in actual conversations.

Sounds like magic, but it’s much simpler than that - no wands involved! Read about it here.

#4

Do You Make These 10 Errors In Greek?

This blog post was written after I made the same error for the millionth time (in English). I guess I secretly wished someone had written something similar for me.

You don’t have to be a beginner in Greek; the examples will help you avoid these very common errors you probably make again and again.

In fact, more advanced students make these errors too, especially in long phrases with more complex vocabulary and meaning.

And because you know I love explanations as opposed to “recipes”, you’ll also find why they are said this way and why it matters. Click here to read it.

#3

How To Use The Verb Γίνομαι : 18 Tangible Examples To Apply Right Away

Hmm. The verb γίνομαι.

Yes, we use this verb a lot.

And yes it causes tons of trouble because it doesn’t translate the same in other languages (if it does translate the same in your language, though, let me know, this will be fascinating to know and discuss).

Why should you care to get it right?

Apart from the obvious vocabulary related reasons, it will help you understand what the other person means when they use this verb in a number of different occasions.

You will also add some handy expressions in your speaking that make you sound more natural and avoid awkward silences. Find the article here.

#2

54 Short But Mighty Everyday Words And Phrases

This blog post is a long list, divided in several “themes” to help you use some of the most common phrases Greeks say in various situations.

I had lots of fun writing it!

You’ll also read about how to learn and use these phrases (hint: memorizing the whole list is definitely not included).

#1

How To Use The Future Tenses In Greek

And here we are to number 1.

This was the first post of 2018 and I do like it a lot.

Why? Because it felt good to untangle this thread of a grammar tense that appears to be causing so much trouble to learners.

Go ahead and learn or revise here the subtle or not so subtle differences between Simple and Future Continuous and then use them right away to say out loud your resolutions (or plans and projects) for the new year. Better, share them with me or in our small and friendly Facebook community!

A last note before the end of the year:

I’d like to thank you for coming along to this Greek language journey during the past year (and before that, if you happen to be reading the blog for quite a while).

I always appreciate your support and I thank you for sharing the love for the Greek language.

I wish you Καλές Γιορτές or a Happy Break and a wonderful New Year ahead.

~ Danae


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How To Use The Future Tenses In Greek

Do you ever get confused with the use of Future tenses in Greek?

For example, why & when do we say:

  • “Θα πιω νερό” instead of “Θα πίνω νερό”?

  • “Η Άννα θα φύγει αύριο” instead of “Η Άννα θα φεύγει αύριο”?

  • “Θα διαβάσουμε πολλά βιβλία” instead of “Θα διαβάζουμε πολλά βιβλία”?

Today I’m going to show you how to use and distinguish these two Future tenses.

By the end of this blog post you’ll be able to use them correctly aaand ... come up with your own resolutions for the New Year. Exciting?!

That's right, you'll use what you've learned (or revised) right away.

Happy New Year, by the way! To learn how to say this in Greek, click here.

So. You might be wondering.

What’s the difference between the 2 Future tenses?! (Also, are there more??)

First of all, there are 3 Future tenses: Simple, Continuous and Future Perfect.

Here, we’re looking at the two first, the Simple and the Continuous.

#1 The Simple Future

In my favourite Grammar for Greek learners, Greek: An Essential Grammar of the Modern Language, this is also called Perfective Future. It’s formed by θα + the perfective stem or the “aorist theme/stem” as we also use to call it. 

This is practically the reason why in most cases you first learn the Simple Past (Αόριστος: Aorist) and then the Simple Future; e.g. φεύγω → έφυγα → θα φύγω; By knowing the aorist stem -φυγ- it makes the Simple Future sound a bit ...simpler I guess?

The job of this tense is to describe future actions done at a specific time, without indicating the actual duration of the action.

Let’s see a few examples.

α. πίνω: to drink→ θα πιω

Imagine you’re reading the menu at a café. Your friend asks you:

"Τι θα πιεις; : What are you going to drink?"

Even if there is no verbal indication of time (tomorrow, at 10 am etc), the question is about the next moment. So you go ahead and reply:

"Θα πιω έναν καφέ. I’ll drink a coffee."

Let’s see another one.

β.. πάω/πηγαίνω: to go → θα πάω

Your cousin asks you about your work schedule:

"Πότε θα πας στη δουλειά; When are you going to work?"

"Θα πάω στις 8το πρωί. I’ll go at 8am."

Here, the question is about a future action done at a specific time. This is why your reply has the time + simple future here.

And let’s see a last example.

γ. μαγειρεύω: to cook → θα μαγειρέψω

"Τι θα μαγειρέψουμε αύριο για τους φίλους μας; What are we going to cook tomorrow for our friends?"

Recap:

All the examples above use Simple Future to talk about future actions, without getting into details about how long these last. They might or might not include an indication of time, such as "αύριο: tomorrow", "το μεσημέρι: at noon", "τον επόμενο μήνα: next month", "τη Δευτέρα: on Monday" etc.

#2 The Future Continuous

This is also called the Imperfective Future.

Its job is to describe future actions along with indicating their duration. These actions might be repetitive, for example describing a habit, or continuous.

Good news: This Future is formed only with θα + the verb in present tense.

Let’s see some examples.

α. κοιμάμαι→ θα κοιμάμαι

"Το καλοκαίρι θα κοιμάμαι πολύ αργά. In the summer, I will be sleeping very late."

Well, if you ever spent the summer in Greece you now how true this is, right?

Because the repetition here is about sleeping late every night or most nights, this is why we use the Future Continuous.

β. βγαίνω - θα βγαίνω

"Θα βγαίνω κάθε μέρα για περπάτημα. I’ll be going out for a walk every day."

Again, here we’re talking about going out for a walk every day. By using the phrase “every day”, we indicate the repetition. (Unless it’s -25C like it is right now in Toronto. No way I’m doing this every day!)

γ. γράφω - θα γράφω

"Η Μυρτώ θα γράφει όλο το απόγευμα. Myrto will be writing all afternoon."

In this case we talk about Myrto writing all afternoon. Since it’s something she’ll be doing the whole afternoon, Future Continuous is naturally the tense to use.

Recap:

Future Continuous is used to talk about habits and continuous acts in the future. When we indicate the time and duration, it's usually with phrases such as "όλη μέρα: all day", "όλο το απόγευμα: all afternoon", "κάθε μέρα: every day" etc.

So how does it sound so far? Are you ready to make your own New Year’s resolutions?

Now, for resolutions we need both future tenses, depending on what we want to do. Is it something we promise doing every day, making it a habit? Or something we’ll hopefully complete this year?

Here some ideas to get you started:

Simple Future

  • Θα μάθω ελληνικά. I’ll learn Greek.

  • Θα πάω ταξίδι στην Ισλανδία. I’ll go for a trip to Iceland.

  • Θα γραφτώ στη χορωδία. I’ll sign myself up for the choir.

  • Θα καθαρίσω την αποθήκη (επιτέλους!). I’ll clean the storage room (at last!).

  • Θα ξεπεράσω τους φόβους μου. I’ll overcome my fears.

Future Continuous

  • Θα περνάω περισσότερο χρόνο με την οικογένειά μου. I’ll be spending more time with my family.

  • Θα κοιμάμαι νωρίς. I’ll be sleeping early.

  • Θα πηγαίνω κάθε Σάββατο στο γυμναστήριο. I’ll be going every Saturday to the gym.

  • Θα φροντίζω τον κήπο μου. I’ll be taking care of my garden.

  • Θα διαβάζω περισσότερο. I’ll be reading more.

What are your resolutions this year? Let me know in the comments!

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